What is a UNESCO site?

World Heritage Site is a landmark or area, selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), for having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, which is legally protected by international treaties. The sites are judged to be important for the collective and preservative interests of humanity.

To be selected, a World Heritage Site must be an already-classified landmark, unique in some respect as a geographically and historically identifiable place having special cultural or physical significance (such as an ancient ruin or historical structure, building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, mountain, or wilderness area). It may signify a remarkable accomplishment of humanity, and serve as evidence of our intellectual history on the planet.

The sites are intended for practical conservation for posterity, which otherwise would be subject to risk from human or animal trespassing, unmonitored/uncontrolled/unrestricted access, or threat from local administrative negligence. Sites are demarcated by UNESCO as protected zones. The List is maintained by the international World Heritage Program administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 “states parties” that are elected by their General Assembly.

The program catalogues, names, and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common culture and heritage of humanity.

As of July 2019, a total of 1,121 World Heritage Sites (869 cultural, 213 natural, and 39 mixed properties) exist across 167 countries

China and Italy, both with 55 sites, have the most of any country, followed by Spain (48), Germany (46), France (45), India (38), and Mexico (35).

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

World Heritage Sites in Italy


Regional number of World Heritage Sites in Italy (2019)

As of 2019, Italy has a total of 55 inscribed properties, making it the state party with the most World Heritage Sites along with China.

Six World Heritage Sites in Italy are of the natural type, while all others are cultural sites (49).

Therefore, Italy has the largest number of world “cultural” heritage sites.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

UNESCO Sites in Sicily

A Total of 25 Locations and Structures!

1.    Agrigento (Archaeological area of Agrigento)

2.    Aeolian Islands (Comprised of seven islands)

3.    Val Di Noto (8 Locations)


-Militello Val di Catania




-Palazzolo Acreide



4.  Villa Romana del Casale

5.  Syracusa & the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica

6.  Mount Etna

7.  The Cathedral churches of Cefalu’ and Monreale and eight Arab-Norman structures in Palermo

-Duomo Basilica Cattedrale (Cefalu’ Cathedral)

-Monreale Cathedral

-Palazzo dei Normani (The Royal Palace) (Palermo)

-Cappella Palatina in the Palazzo dei Normani (Palermo)

-Church of San Giovanni degli Eremiti (Palermo)

-Church of Santa Maria Dell’Ammiraglio (The Martorana) (Palermo)

-Church of San Cataldo (Palermo)

-Cathedral of Palermo (Palermo)

-The Zisa Palace (Palermo)

-Ponte Dell’Ammiraglio (Palermo)